Those are all issues that contribute to our high divorce rate and explain why so many couples who move in together in a romantic haze do not make their relationship last. Money is the last taboo subject. And failure to discuss those issues and make a plan for handling money and overcoming differences is the reason so many marriages and relationships end in divorce court or in lawsuits challenging who owns what and who owes what.
Those are the reasons I have just co-authored "The New Love Deal: Everything You (SET ITAL) Must (END ITAL) Know Before Marrying, Moving In, or Moving On!" (Amazon.com $15.25). My co-authors are Gemma B. Allen, a well-known divorce attorney, and Judge Michele Lowrance, who recently retired after 20 years on the bench in divorce court to start her own mediation service for those divorcing or creating prenups. We all share the same belief that if people put as much effort into planning their marriage or relationship as they do in planning the wedding, they would have far more successful outcomes.
So right from the start, let me say that talking about the practical issues of your life together does not destroy the romance. In fact, quite the opposite is true: It is the essence of romance to be open, honest and trusting enough to reveal your personal fears and hopes as they relate to your finances. If you fear your beloved won?t be understanding about past money mistakes, then you don?t have a very sound basis for creating a life together. And if you feel compelled to hide your financial issues, you must know that sooner or later they will surface to impact your future.
Having the Talk
We know it?s not easy to open up about money. That?s why "The New Love Deal" is a guide to having ?the talk? -- complete with suggestions for setting the scene, creating the opportunity and a checklist for the typical emotional responses that will arise.
After all, there are basically only two types of money personalities -- savers and spenders. For better or worse, they tend to fall in love with each other, thereby setting the scene for potential conflict. Those basic tendencies come from your genetic makeup, your childhood experiences and life?s lessons so far.
At this stage of your life, it?s difficult to change your own money personality -- not to mention impossible to change the person you love. The best you can do is to set up systems that avoid inevitable conflict.
For example, you could decide (based on your incomes and ongoing obligations) to each contribute a set amount monthly to be automatically deducted from your personal checking account and put into a joint account for household bills. That lets each maintain separate funds for personal use.
But just covering monthly expenses is not enough to build a financial future together. Each should also be contributing to an IRA or retirement plan at work. And you might want to add a joint money market account to save for larger expenses such as a down payment on a home. Plus, if one is paying down student loans or still in school or staying home to raise children, you?ll need to figure out how that impacts your financial future together, while respecting the need of each to have some financial independence.
Whether you?re a young couple just starting out or further along your career path, it makes sense to discuss how you will handle money in your relationship. Otherwise, money can become the center of a battlefield that is more about power than about accounting. That also applies to an even greater degree in second marriages, which are complicated by the obligation to support children from a previous marriage.
This kind of discussion would also benefit those just planning to move in together. Otherwise one might be building equity in a condo, while the other only has receipts for paid electric and cell phone bills. Same-sex marriage has its own set of complications, as we explain in fast-changing laws that are different for states and federal issues. (We constantly update those legalities on our website, TheNewLoveDeal.com, where you can also post questions on our blog.)
The strategies for dealing with relationships in all the new forms are not so different. They do involve some planning, often using financial advisors and lawyers, to make sure that your deal creates financial fairness -- which is not necessarily the same as financial equality.
Prenuptials and Cohabitation Agreements
Now, while you?re most in love and involved in building your future, is the time to put your shared agreement in writing. You hope it will never be used to divide your assets and your memories, but since nearly 50 percent of marriages (and cohabitations) end in a split, it is wise to be prepared.
You can use our checklists to guide you through the process, but you do need to follow the legalities for creating an agreement that will hold up in court if that ultimately becomes the case. You each must be separately represented by qualified attorneys. And you need to make full disclosure of all assets and your entire financial situation in order for your deal to be enforceable.
While you can put many points in your agreement (some of the more outrageous demands are highlighted in the book), it is typically the financial arrangements that will be taken to court. And the court always holds jurisdiction over issues related to children.
Be aware that a prenuptial agreement becomes part of the dissolution of a marriage in your state?s family court. But a cohabitation deal is a civil contract if it comes to court should a conflict arise when you part.
Each is a serious legal procedure. As we explain clearly, the deal you make is the deal you take. There will be no special allowances for last-minute deals signed under pressure just before you walk down the aisle. The time to start working on your agreement is when you decide to get married or move in, so there is plenty of time to do it correctly. We even have advice on choosing the right kind of attorney (and possibly mediator) to make sure the process goes smoothly.
So throw away your old preconceptions about prenuptial agreements as unromantic and typically made by a wealthy older man to protect his fortune against a greedy young gold digger! Today, the wealthier or higher-earning spouse is just as likely to be a woman as a man. Couples are less likely to come into a marriage with few assets and little experience.
"The New Love Deal" is designed to help you become aware of the choices and avoid the conflicts, to building a loving and trusting relationship that will last as long as you hope and dream it will. And that?s The Savage Truth.
Terry Savage is a registered investment adviser and is on the board of the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. She appears weekly on WMAQ-Channel 5's 4:30 p.m. newscast, and can be reached at www.terrysavage.com. She is the author of the new book, "The New Savage Number: How Much Money Do You Really Need to Retire?" "Terry answers readers' personal finance questions on her blog at www.TerrySavage.com. To find out more about Terry Savage and read her past columns, visit the Creators Syndicate Web page at www.creators.com.
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