The American Republic was founded upon and modeled after the republic of the ancient Hebrews. Although the Greek democracy and Roman republic also were extensively studied, the American foundation was based on the Hebrews. In fact, in 1788, Pastor Samuel Langdon, one of the most influential clergy in colonial America at the time and president of Harvard College, gave an election sermon titled, The Republic of the Israelites an Example to the American States. Referencing Deuteronomy as a constitution, Langdon proclaims:
Here Moses recommends to Israel the strict observance of all the laws which he had delivered to them by God’s command, relating both to their civil polity and religion, as the sure way to raise their reputation high among all nations as a wise and understanding people; because no other nation was blessed with such excellent national laws, or the advantage of applying to the oracle of the living God, and praying to him in all difficulties, with assurance that all their requests would be answered.
As to every thing excellent in their constitution of government, except what was peculiar to them as a nation separated to God from the rest of mankind, the Israelites may be considered as a pattern to the world in all ages; and from them we may learn what will exalt our character, and what will depress and bring us to ruin.
Let us therefore look over their constitution and laws, enquire into their practice, and observe how their prosperity and fame depended on their strict observance of the divine commands both as to their government and religion.
Republicanism was the government established by our Founders, not democracy. Although the statists would have you believe we are a democracy, as their rhetoric constantly refers to the United States as a democracy. They do this to shift the citizenry into believing we are a democracy, which shifts power into the hands of the political class. This becomes very dangerous and has wroth damaging results as a result – in such a democracy, if the people want it they can simply have it voted into being by their representatives. But this is not the case for the system established by our Founding Fathers as modeled by the ancient Hebrews.
We are a Compactual-Republic, which limits what the Federal government can do regardless of what the populous desire. We do not have a National government; it is actually closer to a Federal government. It was Alexis de Tocqueville who wrote directly of this limitation, stating that “Americans have displayed singular ingenuity in combining the restriction of the power of the Union within the narrow limits of a federal government with the semblance and, to a certain extent, with the force of a national government…the natural danger of confederations.” Tocqueville is acknowledging the limited enumeration allowed the federal government by the Constitution and the States who created it for their purposes.
This limitation, again, was modeled after the Hebrews and studied from other civilizations. The Hebrews were limited by the Laws of God articulated in the Torah, while America is limited by the Laws of God noted in the Declaration of Independence as the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God; Natural Law and Natural Rights.
This is not the jurisdiction of a limited federal government in the Great Experiment because “that government has neither the right nor the capacity to provide [solutions].” In 1820 the liberty-proponent Virginian Senator John Taylor of Caroline wrote, “[T]he preservation of liberty must depend on the division of power between the state and federal governments.”
In his great speech in 1923, The Price of Freedom, President Calvin Coolidge never mentions or uses the term democracy. But he does, purposely, use the term and refer to the United States and its system of governance as the “American Republic” five times during the speech.
The American Republic is a decedent of the Hebrew Republic.
Samuel Langdon, 1788, “The Republic of the Israelites an Example to the American States,” in in Ellis Sandoz, 1991, Political Sermons of the American Founding Era (1730-1788), Vol. 1, (Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund), [http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/sandoz-political-sermons-of-the-american-founding-era-vol-1-1730-1788--5#lf0018-01_head_078].
Alexis de Tocqueville, 2007 (originally published in 1835 and 1840), Democracy in America, Volumes 1 and 2, Unabridged, (Stilwell, KS: Digireads.com Publishing), p. 127.
Ronald Reagan, January 1978, “Whatever Happened to Free Enterprise?” Address delivered by Governor Reagan at Hillsdale College during the Ludwig von Mises Lectures Series, [http://www.hillsdale.edu/news/imprimis/archive/issue.asp?year=1978&month=01].
William J. Watkins, Jr., 2008 (originally published in 2004), Reclaiming the American Revolution: The Kentucky and Virgainia Resolutions and their Legacy, (The Independent Institute, Palgrave Macmillan: Oakland, CA, New York, NY), p. 137.
Calvin Coolidge, 2001 (Originally published 1924), The Price of Freedom: Speeches and Addresses, “The Price of Freedom” speech given on January 21, 1923 in Evanston, IL, (Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Fredonia Books), pp. 229-244.