Back in 2014, I shared two videos – one narrated by Deirdre McCloskey and the other narrated by Don Boudreaux – explaining how the world went from near-universal poverty to mass prosperity (at least in the nations that embraced free markets and the rule of law).
Here’s a video with a similar theme, narrated by Dan Hannan, a British member of the European Parliament (hopefully not for long).
I like this video because it goes back 10,000 years to the invention of agriculture.
Hannan explains how this led to the creation of governments, basically acting as “stationary bandits.”
But then, as Hannan discusses (and also explained in the McCloskey and Bourdreaux videos), arbitrary power eventually was replaced by the rule of law and government control was replaced by economic liberty.
Not completely, of course, but to a sufficient degree that there was enough “breathing room” for a private economy to develop. And, in some cases, to flourish.
The result? Massive, amazing, and unthinkable prosperity for ordinary people.