Fed Sums Up State Of Economy In One Word: "Strong"

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Posted: Aug 02, 2018 12:14 PM
Fed Sums Up State Of Economy In One Word: "Strong"

On Wednesday, the slim moves in the major indices masked a very ugly breadth that saw a billion more declining volume on the NYSE, and 50% more 52-week lows versus 52-week highs on the NASDAQ.

The market is clearly marking time, perhaps to see what tomorrow’s jobs report looks like or it may be getting a better handle on the tariff situation. Or conceivably, it’s to see if any sector can really do the heavy lifting that tech has provided – obviously, the answer is it will take several sectors. 

S&P 500 Index

-0.10%

Consumer Discretionary (XLY)

-0.48%

Consumer Staples (XLP)

-0.88%

Energy (XLE)

-1.39%

Financials (XLF)

+0.00%

Health Care (XLV)

+0.02%

Industrials (XLI)

-1.35%

Materials (XLB)

-0.97%

Real Estate (XLRE)

+0.67%

Technology (XLK)

+0.87%

Utilities (XLU)

-0.64%

 

It was a seesaw session that saw early gains fade into the Fed announcement. In fact, there was never any real upside traction even in Technology (XLK). Apple (AAPL) did its part, but its coattails helped Mastercard (MA), PayPal (PYPL), and Visa (V) more than those Blog Tech names that have been on shaky ground.

The NASDAQ-100 is still holding above its 50-day moving average, but hot money continues to flow into biotechnology, boosting Biogen, Inc (BIIB) shares to the top of Health Care.

 

The Economy

Yesterday, the Federal Reserve summed up the current state of the U.S. economy in one word: “strong.”

 

Federal Reserve Assessment

Economic Activity

“Strong”

Household Spending

“Strong”

Job Gains

“Strong”

Business Fixed Investment

“Strong”

 

 

Shifting from calling the economy solid to strong is more than a frivolous decision on superlatives. The Federal Reserve is sending a clear message there will be more rate hikes this year because hikes are warranted. 

This was also underscored by the removal of “for now,” when discussing further gradual increases. In yesterday’s statement, it was removed simply to erase any equivocation over their intention. Initially, this didn’t help the market, but on balance, it’s really a high-end problem for investors.

The Committee expects that further gradual increases in the target range for the federal funds rate will be consistent with sustained expansion of economic activity, strong labor market conditions, and inflation near the Committee's symmetric 2 percent objective over the medium term. Risks to the economic outlook appear roughly balanced. 

The economy is rocking. The Fed doesn’t want to upset the applecart, but they will roll out periodic speed bumps. The key, as we look to Friday’s jobs report, is how much surging wages would affect the symmetric 2% objective. Of course, I’m assuming a big jump in wages after the ADP report and other data releases, including yesterday’s Manufacturing PMI update.

It’s War!

Late yesterday, the Trump administration raised the stakes in its battle to make China do the right thing on trade. The tariffs on $200 billion in goods could be 25% rather than their previously announced 10% tariff.  The administration is using Section 301 of the U.S. Trade Act of 1974 to fight China’s unfair practice. It’s a dangerous gambit to be sure, underscored by the need to focus on minimizing the impact on U.S. consumers, firms, and workers.

SECTION 301

Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974 provides the United States with the authority to enforce trade agreements, resolve trade disputes, and open foreign markets to U.S. goods and services. It is the principal statutory authority under which the United States may impose trade sanctions on foreign countries that either violate trade agreements or engage in other unfair trade practices. When negotiations to remove the offending trade practice fail, the United States may take action to raise import duties on the foreign country's products as a means to rebalance lost concessions.

The list of products on which the United States raises import duties is called a “retaliation list.” Products included on a retaliation list are carefully selected to minimize the adverse impact on U.S. consumers, firms, and workers. I&A’s Office of Trade Negotiations and Analysis is responsible for developing all retaliation lists implemented by the United States Trade Representative.

https://www.trade.gov/mas/ian/tradedisputes-enforcement/tg_ian_002100.asp

 

The market knew about this news even before trading began, and it didn’t stop stocks from moving higher out of the gate.  The clock is ticking, and the stakes are higher, and most observers believe there will be a resolution. For the first time, America is fighting back, and we are winning the scrimmage.

If we are to win the battle, I think President Trump will have to weigh key passages from The Art of the Deal with The Art of War, accepting a victory that allows China to keep their goals, but just not on the backs of our unfair relationship.

"When people treat me badly or unfairly or try to take advantage of me, my general attitude, all my life, has been to fight back very hard. The risk is you'll make a bad situation worse, and I certainly don't recommend this approach to everyone. But my experience is that if you're fighting for something you believe in — even if it means alienating some people along the way — things usually work out for the best in the end."

The Art of the Deal

-Donald Trump

When you surround an army, leave an outlet free.
Do not press a desperate foe too hard.

The Art of War

-Sun Tzu

Today’s Session

The Shanghai Composite took a 2.0% hit overnight.  This morning, Blue Chip multinational names, particularly on the Dow, are going to be hit as well.  This will create opportunities, but there is no urgency to buy right now.