Night Watch

North Korea - South Korea: A report from South Korea's Unification Ministry on 9 March indicates that production operations at the Kaesong Industrial Complex nearly have recovered to pre-shutdown levels.

According to the Ministry, overall production totaled $35.2 million in December 2013, which is 94% of the value of the output in December 2012.

All but one of the 123 enterprises at the complex have returned to full operations. The number of North Korean workers at the site is 52,000, only 1,000 fewer personnel than before the shutdown.

Comment: Unsettled issues include communications and customs between North and South Korea and ease of passage from South Korea and return. North Korea's guarantee of uninterrupted operations during periods of increased tensions appears to be holding. Despite Allied exercises, North Korea has not used Kaesong as a pressure point on the South.

Afghanistan: On Monday, Taliban leaders warned Afghans against voting in presidential elections on 5 April. Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid said in a statement emailed to media that the group also had instructed clerics across the country to spread the word that the election is "an American conspiracy."

The statement told Afghans they should "reject completely" the election and not put themselves in danger by going to the polls. "We have given orders to all our mujahedeen to use all force at their disposal to disrupt these upcoming sham elections and to target all its workers, activists, callers, security apparatus and offices."

According to the press, Mujahid stated no specific threats or other details about Taliban disruption plans. During the 2009 presidential election, Taliban fighters assaulted and killed election workers, attacked candidates and also attacked voters, in some cases cutting people's fingers off. The group also warned the government against using public buildings, such as mosques and schools, for polling.

Comment: During the 2004 presidential election, the first after the US ouster of the Taliban government, the Taliban also vowed to disrupt the voting. They surged operations nationwide and sustained hundreds of attacks of all kinds for several days, but failed to disrupt the voting.

In 2004 more than 8 million Afghans voted, representing about 70% of the registered voters. Only a handful of polling places were closed because of security. The Taliban attacks killed fewer than two dozen soldiers and elections workers and injured fewer than 50 people.


Night Watch

NightWatch is an internationally acclaimed nightly newsletter that tracks and assesses threats to US national security. It has an edgy, executive style unlike any other summary of its kind.
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